Organizing education with the market as a model: Sweden and some Nordic outlooks

Senior lecturer Ann-Sofie Holm, Göteborg University, Sweden

Reforms of comprehens­ive compulsory edu­cation, with motives of social justice, equality and cohesion were decided in all the Nordic count­ries in the 1960s and 1970s, starting with Sweden.

In the 1990s and 2000s Sweden has been in the vanguard for educational change of quite a different kind: the introduction of the market as a model for organizing education, and a resulting extensive competition among schools – public and private – over students and funding.

In my presentation I will bring up central features of the market situation in education and its various consequences. I will make some comparisons with the other Nordic countries.