Increasing number of PhDs in the Nordic countries – Sweden on the top

In all the Nordic countries close to 6000 persons are awarded a doctoral degree each year. In the Baltic countries this number amounts to about 600, statistics from NORBAL shows.
For the Nordic and Baltic countries taken together the annual number of doctoral degrees awarded more than doubled from 2900 in 1990 to about 6600 in 2004.

The number of people having completed a researcher training program has thus shown a considerable increase in the Nordic-Baltic region. More than 70,000 doctoral degrees have been awarded in the region from 1990 until the end of 2004.

Women accounted for 45 per cent of doctoral degrees awarded in 2003. This marks a considerable increase since 1990 when the proportion was 28 per cent and is mainly due to developments in the Nordic countries. In the Baltic countries the female percentage has remained high throughout this period and reached 60 per cent both in 2003 and 2004. In the Nordic countries women accounted for 43 per cent of the total doctoral degrees in 2003 - more in Finland and Sweden, less in Norway and Denmark.

The average age at the time of dissertation or award is relatively high, and has remained quite stable after 1990. The highest mean age of 37-38 is found in Finland, Norway and Sweden. In Denmark and the Baltic countries (except Latvia, and - in the last few years - Estonia) the average age for completion (excluding the "classic" doctoral degrees) is lower, around 34-35 years.

Read more on the website of NORBAL
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