NCoE NordWel:The Nordic Welfare State - historical foundations and future challenges
The Nordic welfare states of the five Nordic countries, with systems of social security and service, societal patterns and normative value systems, attract international attention.
Over the last decades it is widely recognised that the Nordic welfare state is challenged through the necessity of responding to major external transformations.
On the one hand, one may say that the welfare state consists of old national institutions that may disappear in the face of the imperatives of global competition. On the other hand, it can be a sustainable model for a consensual response to the new challenges.
The welfare state may be seen as a set of ethical principles and social innovations, applicable not only on the national level, but also in European integration and global governance.
NcoE NordWel studies how different historical layers, developed in different periods of time and mediated through mentalities, traditions, values and epistemic practices, are present in the formal and informal rules and norms of the Nordic welfare states.
How do historical experiences and institutions influence the ways we deal with the current political, economic and cultural transformations and challenges?