A publication from the NORIA-net "The use of bibliometrics in research policy and evaluation activities". This is the second report from this NORIA network. The report provides readers with essential information and perspectives on current and future possibilities to reach excellence in Nordic research. It identifies the fields in which the Nordic countries already are strong and in some cases even excellent, and it highlights challenges and possible ways to prevent future problems. Editor: Jesper W. Schneider, Royal School of Library & Information Science, Danmark (2010).