Tools for Investigating Climate Change at High Northern Latitudes (eSTICC)

Vi oplever mærkbare klimaændringer, som er særligt tydelige i de polare regioner. Der er et stort behov for at kunne måle, lave prognoser og evaluere disse ændringer, hvis vi skal kunne forstå dem bedre.

eSTICC er en samling computer- og klimaeksperter, som sammen vil forbedre de værktøjer, som bruges til netop dette. De indsamler observationsdata, der bl.a. bestemmer drivhusgasudledning, og lagrer dem i eksisterende databaser, så de bliver lettere tilgængelige og bedre integreret med de data, som allerede eksisterer. Centret arbejder også med at forbedre værktøjer til at beregne forandringer i klima og miljø med et særligt fokus på metoder, som er tilpasset vor nordlige region. Målet er at opnå bedre forståelse og mere præcis prognoser af klimaprocesser. eSTICC’s arbejde spænder over et bredt felt inden for udvikling af værktøjer og håndtering af data inden for klima- og miljøforskning med fokus på at udnytte synergier mellem de forskellige fagområder.

Ud over det faglige arbejde, lægger Andreas Stohl stor vægt på Open Source development og Open Access publicering.

Andreas Stohl leder centret, der er tilknyttet NiLU (Norwegian Institute for Air Research) i Norge. I alt 13 forskningsinstitutioner fra Finland, Island, Grønland, Danmark, Sverige og Norge deltager i arbejdet.

Vitenskapelige publiseringer

Design and results of the ice sheet model initialisation experiments initMIP-Greenland: an ISMIP6 intercomparison

Published: 2018-04-19
Author: Heiko Goelzer, Sophie Nowicki, Tamsin Edwards, Matthew Beckley, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Andy Aschwanden, Reinhard Calov, Olivier Gagliardini, Fabien Gillet-Chaulet, Nicholas R. Golledge, Jonathan Gregory, Ralf Greve, Angelika Humbert, Philippe Huybrechts, Joseph H. Kennedy, Eric Larour, William H. Lipscomb, Sébastien Le clec'h, Victoria Lee, Mathieu Morlighem, Frank Pattyn, Antony J. Payne, Christian Rodehacke, Martin Rückamp, Fuyuki Saito, Nicole Schlegel, Helene Seroussi, Andrew Shepherd, Sainan Sun, Roderik van de Wal, Florian A. Ziemen.

SALSA2.0: The sectional aerosol module of the aerosol-chemistry-climate model ECHAM6.3.0-HAM2.3-MOZ1.0

Published: 2018-04-03
Author: Harri Kokkola, Thomas Kühn, Anton Laakso, Tommi Bergman, Kari E. J. Lehtinen, Tero Mielonen, Antti Arola, Scarlet Stadtler, Hannele Korhonen, Sylvaine Ferrachat, Ulrike Lohmann, David Neubauer, Ina Tegen, Colombe Siegenthaler-Le Drian, Martin G. Schultz, Isabelle Bey, Philip Stier, Nikos Daskalakis, Colette L. Heald, Sami Romakkaniemi.

Calibrating the sqHIMMELI v1.0 wetland methane emission model with hierarchical modeling and adaptive MCMC

Published: 2018-03-29
Author: Jouni Susiluoto, Maarit Raivonen, Leif Backman, Marko Laine, Jarmo Makela, Olli Peltola, Timo Vesala, Tuula Aalto.

HIMMELI v1.0: HelsinkI Model of MEthane buiLd-up and emIssion for peatlands

Published: 2017-12-22
Author: Maarit Raivonen, Sampo Smolander, Leif Backman, Jouni Susiluoto, Tuula Aalto, Tiina Markkanen, Jarmo Mäkelä, Janne Rinne, Olli Peltola, Mika Aurela, Annalea Lohila, Marin Tomasic, Xuefei Li, Tuula Larmola, Sari Juutinen, Eeva-Stiina Tuittila, Martin Heimann, Sanna Sevanto, Thomas Kleinen, Victor Brovkin, Timo Vesala.

Source–receptor matrix calculation for deposited mass with the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART v10.2 in backward mode

Published: 2017-12-18
Author: Sabine Eckhardt, Massimo Cassiani, Nikolaos Evangeliou, Espen Sollum, Ignacio Pisso, Andreas Stohl.

Reference data set of volcanic ash physicochemical and optical properties

Published: 2017-09-07
Author: A. Vogel, S. Diplas, A. J. Durant, A. S. Azar, M. F. Sunding, W. I. Rose, A. Sytchkova, C. Bonadonna, K. Krüger, A. Stohl.

Design and results of the ice sheet model initialisation experiments initMIP-Greenland: an ISMIP6 intercomparison

Published: 2017-07-14
Author: Heiko Goelzer, Sophie Nowicki, Tamsin Edwards, Matthew Beckley, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Andy Aschwanden, Reinhard Calov, Olivier Gagliardini, Fabien Gillet-Chaulet, Nicholas R. Golledge, Jonathan Gregory, Ralf Greve, Angelika Humbert, Philippe Huybrechts, Joseph H. Kennedy, Eric Larour, William H. Lipscomb, Sébastien Le clec´h, Victoria Lee, Mathieu Morlighem, Frank Pattyn, Antony J. Payne, Christian Rodehacke, Martin Rückamp, Fuyuki Saito, Nicole Schlegel, Helene Seroussi, Andrew Shepherd, Sainan Sun, Roderik van de Wal, Florian A. Ziemen.

Source-receptor matrix calculation for deposited mass with the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART v10.2 in backward mode

Published: 2017-06-30
Author: Sabine Eckhardt, Massimo Cassiani, Nikolaos Evangeliou, Espen Sollum, Ignacio Pisso, Andreas Stohl.

Spatial variability of CO<sub>2</sub> uptake in polygonal tundra: assessing low-frequency disturbances in eddy covariance flux estimates

Published: 2017-06-29
Author: Norbert Pirk, Jakob Sievers, Jordan Mertes, Frans-Jan W. Parmentier, Mikhail Mastepanov, Torben R. Christensen.

Calibrating a wetland methane emission model with hierarchical modeling and adaptive MCMC

Published: 2017-04-21
Author: Jouni Susiluoto, Maarit Raivonen, Leif Backman, Marko Laine, Jarmo Mäkelä, Olli Peltola, Timo Vesala, Tuula Aalto.

HIMMELI v1.0: HelsinkI Model of MEthane buiLd-up and emIssion for peatlands

Published: 2017-03-27
Author: Maarit Raivonen, Sampo Smolander, Leif Backman, Jouni Susiluoto, Tuula Aalto, Tiina Markkanen, Jarmo Mäkelä, Janne Rinne, Olli Peltola, Mika Aurela, Marin Tomasic, Xuefei Li, Tuula Larmola, Sari Juutinen, Eeva-Stiina Tuittila, Martin Heimann, Sanna Sevanto, Thomas Kleinen, Victor Brovkin, Timo Vesala.

Methane fluxes in the high northern latitudes for 2005–2013 estimated using a Bayesian atmospheric inversion

Published: 2017-03-14
Author: Rona L. Thompson, Motoki Sasakawa, Toshinobu Machida, Tuula Aalto, Doug Worthy, Jost V. Lavric, Cathrine Lund Myhre, Andreas Stohl.

Spatial variability of CO<sub>2</sub> uptake in polygonal tundra – large overestimations by the conventional eddy covariance method

Published: 2016-12-14
Author: Norbert Pirk, Jakob Sievers, Jordan Mertes, Frans-Jan W. Parmentier, Mikhail Mastepanov, Torben R. Christensen.

The offline Lagrangian particle model FLEXPART–NorESM/CAM (v1): model description and comparisons with the online NorESM transport scheme and with the reference FLEXPART model

Published: 2016-11-11
Author: Massimo Cassiani, Andreas Stohl, Dirk Olivié, Øyvind Seland, Ingo Bethke, Ignacio Pisso, Trond Iversen.

Snowpack fluxes of methane and carbon dioxide from high Arctic tundra

Published: 2016-11-01
Author: Norbert Pirk, Mikkel P. Tamstorf, Magnus Lund, Mikhail Mastepanov, Stine H. Pedersen, Maria R. Mylius, Frans-Jan W. Parmentier, Hanne H. Christiansen, Torben R. Christensen.

Methane fluxes in the high northern latitudes for 2005–2013 estimated using a Bayesian atmospheric inversion

Published: 2016-09-30
Author: Rona L. Thompson, Motoki Sasakawa, Toshinobu Machida, Tuula Aalto, Doug Worthy, Jost V. Lavric, Cathrine Lund Myhre, Andreas Stohl.

The off-line Lagrangian particle model FLEXPART-NorESM/CAM (V1): model description and comparisons with the on-line NorESM transport scheme and with the reference FLEXPART model

Published: 2016-06-03
Author: Massimo Cassiani, Andreas Stohl, Dirk Olivié, Øyvind Seland, Ingo Bethke, Ignacio Pisso, Trond Iversen.

Extensive release of methane from Arctic seabed west of Svalbard during summer 2014 does not influence the atmosphere

Published: 2016-05-07
Author: C. Lund Myhre, B. Ferré, S. M. Platt, A. Silyakova, O. Hermansen, G. Allen, I. Pisso, N. Schmidbauer, A. Stohl, J. Pitt, P. Jansson, J. Greinert, C. Percival, A. M. Fjaeraa, S. J. O'Shea, M. Gallagher, M. Le Breton, K. N. Bower, S. J. B. Bauguitte, S. Dalsøren, S. Vadakkepuliyambatta, R. E. Fisher, E. G. Nisbet, D. Lowry, G. Myhre, J. A. Pyle, M. Cain, J. Mienert.

Fakta om prosjektet

Project number: 57001

Prosjektleder

Projektleder Andreas Stohl, Dr. habil. i meteorologi ved Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU), Kjeller

Projektkoordinator Ignacio Pisso, seniorforsker ved Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU), Kjeller

Finansieringsform
Nordic Centre of Excellence
Varighet
5 år

Science Advisory Board:

Prof. Robert Gurney, Uni. of Reading, Dept. of Meteorology, UK

Dr. Sylvie Joussaume, National Institute of Sciences of the Uni. at CNRS, France

Dr. Serge Guillas, Uni. College London, Dept. of Statistical Science, UK

Dr. David Wallom, Oxford eResearch Centre, UK

Prof. Peter Jan van Leeuwen, Uni. of Reading, Dept. of Meteorology, UK