Psychosocial work environment and healthy ageing

This project focuses on a question that has high societal relevance and is timely because the proportion of employees under adverse psychosocial work environments is likely to increase as organisations and businesses have to weather the ongoing economic recession.

The workplace, along with the school, primary care and hospital, has been established as one of the priority settings for health promotion. Work-related factors may influence the health of employees in various ways and, in the long run, contribute to healthy ageing. This project generates new evidence to reliably evaluate the importance of these factors at a population level:

First, we determine the strength of the association between work-related psychosocial factors and health using individual-participant data from 26 high-quality cohort studies (N = 268 286). In meta-analysis, we complement these data with results from published studies identified by systematic literature searches.

Second, we test the hypothesised psychological, behavioural and biological pathways linking work-related psychosocial factors to health and disability using longitudinal modelling of repeat data from 4 to 28 follow-ups in four long-term cohort studies.

Third, we analyse temporal aspects, based on linkage of records from national health and employment registers for Danish workforce (N = 1.7 million) to determine dose-response associations and whether reductions in exposure to work-related psychosocial risk factors are followed by reductions in the disease incidence (reversibility). We repeat these analyses using data from Swedish workforce (N = 4.9 million).

Fourth, we examine whether gender, age or socioeconomic circumstances modify the associations and whether the results vary between Nordic and other European countries and the United States.

The results of this project will characterise more precisely than has previously been possible the role of work-related psychosocial factors as determinants of healthy ageing. The proposed work will contribute to evidence-based policies aimed at improving public health, reducing health inequalities and extending work careers. 

Vitenskapelige publiseringer

Data source: Crossref. The list should not be assumed to represent the complete published research output of the project.

Unfavorable and favorable changes in modifiable risk factors and incidence of coronary heart disease: The Whitehall II cohort study

Journal Article published 2018-10-01 in International Journal of Cardiology volume 269
Research funded by Academy of Finland | Medical Research Council | NordForsk
Authors: Marianna Virtanen, Jussi Vahtera, Archana Singh-Manoux, Marko Elovainio, Jane E. Ferrie, Mika Kivimäki.

Shift work with and without night work as a risk factor for fatigue and changes in sleep length: A cohort study with linkage to records on daily working hours

Journal Article published 2018-01-31 in Journal of Sleep Research
Research funded by Academy of Finland | Työsuojelurahasto | NordForsk | Medical Research Council
Authors: Mikko Härmä, Kati Karhula, Sampsa Puttonen, Annina Ropponen, Aki Koskinen, Anneli Ojajärvi, Mika Kivimäki.

Workplace bullying and violence as risk factors for type 2 diabetes: a multicohort study and meta-analysis

Journal Article published 2017-11-13 in Diabetologia volume 61 issue 1
Research funded by NordForsk
Authors: Tianwei Xu, Linda L. Magnusson Hanson, Theis Lange, Liis Starkopf, Hugo Westerlund, Ida E. H. Madsen, Reiner Rugulies, Jaana Pentti, Sari Stenholm, Jussi Vahtera, Åse M. Hansen, Mika Kivimäki, Naja H. Rod.

Change in β 2 -agonist use after severe life events in adults with asthma: A population-based cohort study

Journal Article published 2017-09-01 in Journal of Psychosomatic Research volume 100
Research funded by Ida Montinin Säätiö | Hengityssairauksien Tutkimussäätiö | NordForsk | Medical Research Council | Economic and Social Research Council | Social Insurance Institution (SII) of Finland | Allergy Foundation in Finland
Authors: Raija Lietzén, Pekka Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jyrki Korkeila, Sakari Suominen, Lauri Sillanmäki, Markku Koskenvuo, Jussi Vahtera.

Social networks and patterns of health risk behaviours over two decades: A multi-cohort study

Journal Article published 2017-08-01 in Journal of Psychosomatic Research volume 99
Research funded by Academy of Finland | NordForsk | Finnish Work Environment Foundation | Social Insurance Institution of Finland
Authors: Maarit Kauppi, Marko Elovainio, Sari Stenholm, Marianna Virtanen, Ville Aalto, Markku Koskenvuo, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera.

Contribution of cognitive performance and cognitive decline to associations between socioeconomic factors and dementia: A cohort study

Journal Article published 2017-06-26 in PLOS Medicine volume 14 issue 6
Research funded by Horizon 2020 Framework Programme | National Institutes of Health | Medical Research Council | British Heart Foundation | NordForsk | Horizon 2020
Authors: Jennifer Rusmaully, Aline Dugravot, Jean-Paul Moatti, Michael G. Marmot, Alexis Elbaz, Mika Kivimaki, Séverine Sabia, Archana Singh-Manoux.

Change in body mass index during transition to statutory retirement: an occupational cohort study

Journal Article published 2017-06-26 in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity volume 14 issue 1
Research funded by Terveyden Tutkimuksen Toimikunta | Opetus- ja Kulttuuriministeriö | Työsuojelurahasto | Juho Vainion Säätiö | Medical Research Council | Economic and Social Research Council | NordForsk
Authors: Sari Stenholm, Svetlana Solovieva, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Ville Aalto, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera.

Objective working hour characteristics and work–life conflict among hospital employees in the Finnish public sector study

Journal Article published 2017-06-07 in Chronobiology International volume 34 issue 7
Research funded by NordForsk | NordForsk, the Nordic Program on Health and Welfare | The Finnish Work Environment Fund
Authors: Kati Karhula, Sampsa Puttonen, Annina Ropponen, Aki Koskinen, Anneli Ojajärvi, Mika Kivimäki, Mikko Härmä.

Coronary heart disease and risk factors as predictors of trajectories of psychological distress from midlife to old age

Journal Article published 2016-11-18 in Heart volume 103 issue 9
Research funded by Terveyden Tutkimuksen Toimikunta | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute | NordForsk | British Heart Foundation | Medical Research Council | Työsuojelurahasto | National Institute on Aging | Economic and Social Research Council
Authors: Marianna Virtanen, Marko Elovainio, Kim Josefsson, G David Batty, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mika Kivimäki.

Changes in physical activity during transition to retirement: a cohort study

Journal Article published 2016-04-16 in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity volume 13 issue 1
Research funded by Academy of Finland | Opetus- ja Kulttuuriministeriö | Juho Vainion Säätiö | Medical Research Council | Economic and Social Research Council | NordForsk
Authors: Sari Stenholm, Anna Pulakka, Ichiro Kawachi, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana I. Halonen, Ville Aalto, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera.
Fakta om prosjektet

Project number: 75021

Prosjektleder

Mika Kivimäki

Varighet
2015-2020