Preparing preschools for future pandemics is an essential aim for the Nordic preschool system, as the Nordic model plays a crucial role in ensuring that all children have equal opportunities to learn, develop and ensure their well-being.
It is relevant to the political priority areas in the ECE field in all the Nordic countries. Therefore, the project investigates the experiences of environmental and participatory adaptation during and after the pandemic, as well as the consequences for preschools in connection with COVID-19 across the five Nordic countries: Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland.
The conceptual logic within EXPECT is that resilience in social sustainability for all children is achieved through participating in preschoolers' daily social practices. In that sense, resilience and social sustainability are not measurable in a study like this. Still, elements such as participation, play, children's communities, and the system's view on the child are elements that contribute to the processes of creating resilience in social sustainability. Activities, and the experiences of accessibility to them as well as participating in them, can be assessed, as well as the social climate of preschools.
Qualitative and quantitative methods will be employed to expand the current understanding of the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and what ECE in the Nordic countries can learn from experiences with the crisis. The project adopts a sequential mixed-methods design.
This will contribute to a cross-cultural and multidisciplinary picture to ensure resilience in social sustainability in early childhood education in the event of future pandemics, through bringing together findings across the EXPECT studies.
The mixed method approach uses an innovative design and aims for dialogic processes to develop, assess, and calibrate data through collaboration between data, researchers, and practitioners. Bringing data together emphasizes user participation and includes practitioners from the ECE sector as co-researchers.