The Arctic region has for several years undergone rapid changes with far-reaching and profound consequences on many areas and continues to do so. A key driver for this is the climate change, which is happening faster in the Arctic region than in the rest of the world. The climate change has a direct and significant impact on the ecosystem, the local communities, and the traditional ways of living.
The declining Arctic Sea ice has moreover opened up for new transport routes, new and wider opportunities for resource extraction and generally an increased international interest in the region. Other drivers of change, sometimes reinforced by the climate change, are technology development, migration, tourism, demographic changes, and changes in the geopolitical situation.
Therefore, the Nordic initiative on Arctic Research has been established to generate new insight into the challenges and new opportunities confronting the Arctic region.